Outcomes of a randomized, controlled community-level HIV prevention intervention for adolescents in low-income housing developments.
OBJECTIVES: Youth are increasingly at risk for contracting HIV infection, and community-level interventions are needed to reduce behavioral risk. DESIGN: A randomized, controlled, multi-site community-level intervention trial was undertaken with adolescents living in 15 low-income housing developments in five US cities. METHODS: Baseline (n = 1172), short-term follow-up (n = 865), and long-term follow-up (n = 763) risk assessments were conducted among adolescents, ages 12-17, in all 15 housing developments. The developments were randomly assigned in equal numbers to each of three conditions: experimental community-level intervention (five developments); "state-of-the-science" skills training workshops (five developments); and, education-only delayed control intervention (five developments). RESULTS: At long-term follow-up, adolescents living in the housing developments receiving the community-level intervention were more likely to delay onset of first intercourse (85%) than those in the control developments (76%), while those in the workshop developments (78%) did not differ from control condition adolescents. Adolescents in both the community-level intervention (77%) and workshop (76%) developments were more likely to use a condom at last intercourse than those in control (62%) developments. CONCLUSIONS: Community-level interventions that include skills training and engage adolescents in neighborhood-based HIV prevention activities can produce and maintain reductions in sexual risk behavior, including delaying sexual debut and increasing condom use.
Sikkema, KJ; Anderson, ES; Kelly, JA; Winett, RA; Gore-Felton, C; Roffman, RA; Heckman, TG; Graves, K; Hoffmann, RG; Brondino, MJ
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