Development and evaluation of an HIV-risk reduction program for female college students.


Journal Article

College students are engaging in high rates of behavior related to risk of infection from Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). A cognitive-behavioral skills training program for heterosexual college females focused on sexual assertiveness skills and the reduction of risk-related behaviors was designed and evaluated compared with an education-only program. Participants completed pre-intervention, post-intervention, and one-month follow-up assessments of: (a) HIV/STD-related knowledge and beliefs; (b) sexual, alcohol, and drug-related behaviors; and (c) sexual assertiveness role-plays. Skills training participants compared to education-only participants scored higher on sexual assertiveness skills, specific knowledge of HIV infection, and self-efficacy to perform lower risk sexual behaviors and reported a reduction in risk-related behaviors at post-intervention and follow-up assessments. The effectiveness of behavioral skills in HIV risk-reduction programs for college students is discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sikkema, KJ; Winett, RA; Lombard, DN

Published Date

  • April 1995

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 145 - 159

PubMed ID

  • 7619644

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7619644

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1943-2755

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0899-9546


  • eng