A calorimetric and monolayer investigation of the influence of ions on the thermodynamic properties of phosphatidylcholine.
The effects of various ions and 2H2O on the thermal properties of phosphatidylcholine dispersions were studied using differential scanning calorimetry and the change in the surface potential of monolayers with temperature. The phosphatidylcholine in 2H2O dispersion exhibits a slightly higher transition temperature and lower enthalpy of melting than a phosphatidylcholine in H2O dispersion. Monovalent (H+, Na+, and Li+) and some divalent cations of chloride salts (Ba2+, Mg2+, and Sr2+) have no effect on the thermal properties of phosphatidylcholine, while halide salts of the di-positive ions Cd2+ and Ca2+ have an effect on both the enthalpy of melting and transition temperature. No effect attributable to the metal ion was observed in non-halide salts of cadmium. The chloride salt of La3+ has no effect on lipid thermal properties whereas that of Fe3+ affects the transition temperature. The enthalpy of melting of phosphatidylcholine in one molar solutions of potassium salts increases in the order: CNS minus greater than acetate greater than I minus. Such large, polarizable anions clearly interact with phosphatidylcholine and must therefore also confer a negative charge on the lipid. The potassium salt of SO4-2 minus has no effect. Possible origins of the observed trends are discussed.
Simon, SA; Lis, LJ; Kauffman, JW; Macdonald, RC
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