Effects of a 12-Week Racquetball Program on Maximal Oxygen Consumption, Body Composition and Blood Lipoproteins
The impact of a nonsteady state, nonrhythmical exercise training program, such as racquetball, on health and fitness variables has not been adequately defined. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a 12-week racquetball training program on maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), percentage body fat, and blood lipids and lipoproteins. Eight college-aged male volunteers participated in a 12-week, three sessions per week, minimum of 30 minutes per session racquetball training program (EG). Eight inactive college-aged males served as a control group (CG). VO2max, percentage body fat determined from underwater weighing, and blood lipids and lipoproteins were measured before and after the 12-week program. Heart rate (HR) was monitored in the EG on three separate days while subjects participated in racquetball play. HR was maintained at or above 75% of the subjects’ maximum HR after the third minute of play. No differences were found between the EG and CG at the conclusion of the 12-week training program in VO2max, blood lipoproteins, or percentage body fat. The percentage change in lean body weight after 12 weeks was significantly different between the two groups (EG, 2.0% CG, —2.0%). The 12-week racquetball program did not significantly affect the group mean total cholesterol concentration in the EG, but a difference was found in the group mean total cholesterol between the EG and the CG at the conclusion of the study. Although the HR response to racquetball participation indicated that a racquetball program may be a beneficial, a positive change in several health and fitness parameters may not be routinely expected to be seen after 12 weeks of such training. © 1994 Taylor & Francis Group All rights reserved.
Bartoli, WP; Slentz, CA; Murdoch, SD; Pate, RR; Davis, JM; Durstine, JL
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)