Real time 3D ultrasound in guidance of autonomous surgical robot for shrapnel detection and breast biopsy.

Published

Journal Article

Two studies have been conducted using real time 3D ultrasound and an automated robot system for carrying out surgical tasks. The first task is to perform a breast lesion biopsy automatically after detection by ultrasound. Combining 3D ultrasound with traditional mammography allows real time guidance of the biopsy needle. Image processing techniques analyze volumes to calculate the location of a target lesion. This position was converted into the coordinate system of a three axis robot which moved a needle probe to touch the lesion. The second task is to remove shrapnel from a tissue phantom autonomously. In some emergency situations, shrapnel detection in the body is necessary for quick treatment. Furthermore, small or uneven shrapnel geometry may hinder location by typical ultrasound imaging methods. Vibrations and small displacements can be induced in ferromagnetic shrapnel by a variable electromagnet. We used real time 3D color Doppler to locate this motion for 2 mm long needle fragments and determined the 3D position of the fragment in the scanner coordinates. The rms error of the image guided robot for 5 trials was 1.06 mm for this task which was accomplished in 76 seconds. © 2009 SPIE.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rogers, AJ; Light, ED; Von Allmen, D; Smith, SW

Published Date

  • June 19, 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7265 /

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1605-7422

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1117/12.808234

Citation Source

  • Scopus