Targeted disruption of the leukotriene B(4) receptor in mice reveals its role in inflammation and platelet-activating factor-induced anaphylaxis.
Leukotrienes are derived from arachidonic acid and serve as mediators of inflammation and immediate hypersensitivity. Leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) and leukotriene C(4) (LTC(4)) act through G protein-coupled receptors LTB(4) receptor (BLTR) and Cys-LTR, respectively. To investigate the physiological role of BLTR, we produced mice with a targeted disruption of the BLTR gene. Mice deficient for BLTR (BLTR(-/-)) developed normally and had no apparent hematopoietic abnormalities. Peritoneal neutrophils from BLTR(-/-) mice displayed normal responses to the inflammatory mediators C5a and platelet-activating factor (PAF) but did not respond to LTB(4) for calcium mobilization or chemotaxis. Additionally, LTB(4) elicited peritoneal neutrophil influx in control but not in BLTR(-/-) mice. Thus, BLTR is the sole receptor for LTB(4)-induced inflammation in mice. Neutrophil influx in a peritonitis model and acute ear inflammation in response to arachidonic acid was significantly reduced in BLTR(-/-) mice. In mice, intravenous administration of PAF induces immediate lethal anaphylaxis. Surprisingly, female BLTR(-/-) mice displayed selective survival (6 of 9; P = 0.002) relative to male (1 of 11) mice of PAF-induced anaphylaxis. These results demonstrate the role of BLTR in leukotriene-mediated acute inflammation and an unexpected sex-related involvement in PAF-induced anaphylaxis.
Haribabu, B; Verghese, MW; Steeber, DA; Sellars, DD; Bock, CB; Snyderman, R
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