Stimulation of phosphorylcholine turnover and diacylglycerol production in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Novel assay for phosphorylcholine.
Receptor-bypassing stimulants of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs), such as ionomycin or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), generate an increase in diacylglycerol (DAG) which is independent of a phospholipase C specific for phosphatidylinositol 4,5,-bisphosphate (PIP2). Activation of a phospholipase C specific for phosphatidylcholine (PC) has been implicated as a source of DAG in other cells by measuring the release of radiolabelled phosphorylcholine. However, since PMNLs could not be labelled sufficiently with [3H]choline, we developed an h.p.l.c. assay to quantify mass levels of phosphorylcholine after enzymic conversion to [32P]CDP-choline with CTP-phosphorylcholine (choline phosphate) cytidylyltransferase (EC 126.96.36.199). This assay was linear to at least 20 nmol, and was sensitive to 10 pmol of phosphorylcholine. Baseline phosphorylcholine levels in unstimulated PMNLs were 2300 +/- 510 pmol/10(7) cells and were decreased by pretreatment with PMA (166 nM) or ionomycin (1 microM) for 10 min by 360 +/- 130 and 600 +/- 290 pmol/10(7) cells respectively (P less than 0.05). In contrast, baseline DAG levels were 147.6 +/- 11.7 pmol/10(7) cells in unstimulated PMNLs, and were increased by PMA or ionomycin by 1320 +/- 222 and 1891 +/- 264 pmol/10(7) cells respectively (P less than 0.05). Similarly, the chemoattractant fMet-Leu-Phe raised DAG levels by 731 +/- 111 pmol/10(7) cells and decreased phosphorylcholine levels by 180 +/- 60 pmol/10(7) cells. Activation of PMNLs by PMA, ionophore or fMet-Leu-Phe thus leads to the sustained production of DAG accompanied by the disappearance of phosphorylcholine. This suggests that these stimulants enhance PC turnover via a hydrolytic mechanism which is independent of phospholipase C, with activation of a PC-specific phospholipase D being a plausible mechanism.
Truett, AP; Snyderman, R; Murray, JJ
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