Redistribution of protein kinase C activity in human monocytes: correlation with activation of the respiratory burst.

Published

Journal Article

Protein kinase C (PKC) was found to be present in purified human monocytes and lymphocytes isolated by countercurrent centrifugal elutriation. In unstimulated monocytes and lymphocytes, approximately 90% of the PKC activity was cytosolic when the cells were disrupted in the presence of EGTA. The role of this kinase in the stimulation of the respiratory burst in monocytes was investigated. Phorbol esters capable of triggering the release of O2- caused a loss of PKC activity from the cytosol and the appearance of the kinase activity in the particulate cell fraction. Kinase activity was partially extractable from the particulate fraction by 0.1% Triton X-100, whereupon it demonstrated calcium and lipid dependence. The EC50 for the phorbols in initiating the respiratory burst correlated well with their EC50 for stimulating the appearance of PKC activity in the particulate fraction (R = 0.998). Redistribution of PKC activity in monocytes by phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) was rapid and appeared to precede the release of O2-. PMA also shifted PKC activity from the cytosol to the extractable particulate fraction of lymphocytes. We conclude that redistribution of PKC activity by active phorbols or other cell stimulants could provide substrate specificity for phosphorylation reactions. By shifting PKC activity to the monocyte particulate fraction, active phorbols may initiate the phosphorylation of a substrate required for stimulation of the respiratory burst.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Myers, MA; McPhail, LC; Snyderman, R

Published Date

  • November 1985

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 135 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 3411 - 3416

PubMed ID

  • 2995492

Pubmed Central ID

  • 2995492

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1550-6606

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-1767

Language

  • eng