Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate 3-kinase a functions as a scaffold for synaptic Rac signaling.

Published

Journal Article

Activity-dependent alterations of synaptic contacts are crucial for synaptic plasticity. The formation of new dendritic spines and synapses is known to require actin cytoskeletal reorganization specifically during neural activation phases. Yet the site-specific and time-dependent mechanisms modulating actin dynamics in mature neurons are not well understood. In this study, we show that actin dynamics in spines is regulated by a Rac anchoring and targeting function of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate 3-kinase A (IP(3)K-A), independent of its kinase activity. On neural activation, IP(3)K-A bound directly to activated Rac1 and recruited it to the actin cytoskeleton in the postsynaptic area. This focal targeting of activated Rac1 induced spine formation through actin dynamics downstream of Rac signaling. Consistent with the scaffolding role of IP(3)K-A, IP(3)K-A knock-out mice exhibited defects in accumulation of PAK1 by long-term potentiation-inducing stimulation. This deficiency resulted in a reduction in the reorganization of actin cytoskeletal structures in the synaptic area of dentate gyrus. Moreover, IP(3)K-A knock-out mice showed deficits of synaptic plasticity in perforant path and in hippocampal-dependent memory performances. These data support a novel model in which IP(3)K-A is critical for the spatial and temporal regulation of spine actin remodeling, synaptic plasticity, and learning and memory via an activity-dependent Rac scaffolding mechanism.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kim, IH; Park, SK; Hong, ST; Jo, YS; Kim, EJ; Park, EH; Han, SB; Shin, H-S; Sun, W; Kim, HT; Soderling, SH; Kim, H

Published Date

  • November 4, 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 29 / 44

Start / End Page

  • 14039 - 14049

PubMed ID

  • 19890013

Pubmed Central ID

  • 19890013

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1529-2401

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2483-09.2009

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States