Hemodynamic correlates of stimulus repetition in the visual and auditory cortices: an fMRI study.
We examined the effects of stimulus repetition upon the evoked hemodynamic response (HDR) in auditory and visual cortices measured by magnetic resonance imaging in two experiments. Experiment 1 focused on the effects of the interval duration between two identical stimuli on HDR. Pure auditory tones (1000 Hz) of 100-ms duration were presented singly or in pairs with intrapair intervals (IPIs: onset-to-onset) of 1, 4, and 6 s. In Experiment 2, using a within-subject design, we aimed to compare the HDR refractory period in both sensory cortices as well as the HDRs to auditory and visual stimuli. Identical auditory tone as described above and visual stimuli of 500-ms high-contrast checkerboard patterns were presented singly or in identical pairs with an IPI of 1 s. Images were acquired at 1.5 T using a gradient-echo echo-planar imaging sequence sensitive to blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) contrast. Experiment 1 revealed that the HDR evoked by an auditory stimulus is followed by a refractory period of 4-6 s in the auditory cortex, as indicated by smaller HDR amplitudes to the second of each pair of stimuli. Furthermore, peak latency was dependent upon IPI, with longer latencies observed for shorter IPIs. Experiment 2 revealed that the HDR evoked in both sensory cortices by paired stimulus presentations is suppressed and delayed similarly by the refractory effects imposed by the preceding stimulus, suggesting similar refractory properties of the HDR at this specific IPI. We also provide evidence for additional neural resource allocation in response to repeated stimuli.
Inan, S; Mitchell, T; Song, A; Bizzell, J; Belger, A
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