A phase I and pharmacokinetic study of oral lapatinib administered once or twice daily in patients with solid malignancies.

Published

Journal Article

PURPOSE: This study determined the range of tolerable doses, clinical safety, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary evidence of clinical activity following once or twice daily administration of lapatinib in patients with solid malignancies. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Cancer patients (n = 81) received oral doses of lapatinib ranging from 175 to 1,800 mg once daily or 500 to 900 mg twice daily. Clinical assessments of safety and antitumor activity were recorded and blood was sampled for pharmacokinetic assessments. The effect of a low-fat meal on lapatinib pharmacokinetics was assessed in a subset of patients. RESULTS: Lapatinib was well tolerated, such that dose escalation was limited at 1,800 mg once daily only by pill burden. Twice-daily dosing was implemented to further explore tolerability, and was limited by diarrhea to 500 mg twice daily. The most commonly reported adverse events with once-daily dosing were diarrhea (48%), nausea (40%), rash (40%), and fatigue (38%) and with twice-daily dosing were diarrhea (85%), rash (54%), and nausea (34%). Lapatinib serum concentrations accumulated upon repeated dosing, increasing nearly in proportion with dose, and were significantly increased when dosed with food or administered twice daily. One patient with head and neck cancer achieved a confirmed complete response and 22 patients had stable disease of >or=8 weeks including three patients with stable disease of >10 months (renal, lung, and salivary gland cancers). CONCLUSION: Lapatinib was well tolerated following once and twice daily administration. Systemic exposure to lapatinib was dependent on the dose, duration and frequency of dosing, and prandial state. Clinical activity was observed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Burris, HA; Taylor, CW; Jones, SF; Koch, KM; Versola, MJ; Arya, N; Fleming, RA; Smith, DA; Pandite, L; Spector, N; Wilding, G

Published Date

  • November 1, 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 21

Start / End Page

  • 6702 - 6708

PubMed ID

  • 19825948

Pubmed Central ID

  • 19825948

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1078-0432

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-09-0369

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States