Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis: a unique case with pulmonary fibrosis.
BACKGROUND: Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis (MRH) is a rare disease of uncertain etiology that most commonly presents as a papulonodular cutaneous eruption accompanied by erosive polyarthritis. Although MRH is considered a systemic disorder in that it targets skin and joints, involvement of thoracic and visceral organs is uncommon. OBSERVATIONS: A woman presented with diffuse cutaneous nodules, and skin biopsy findings revealed classic features of MRH. However, she also manifested severe pulmonary symptoms. A lung biopsy specimen showed prominent histiocytic infiltrates exhibiting the same characteristic morphologic features as those seen in her skin. Furthermore, the lung biopsy findings were significant for a pattern of usual interstitial pneumonia accompanied by notable lymphoid aggregates, a pattern of interstitial lung disease typical of systemic autoimmune and inflammatory conditions. CONCLUSIONS: These findings are notable because a histiocytic pulmonary infiltrate suggestive of direct pulmonary involvement by MRH is a rare event. In addition, presentation of MRH in the setting of usual interstitial pneumonia is unique. These observations document a new clinical and histopathologic presentation of MRH that is significant for expanding the idea of MRH as a systemic disease while supporting the notion that MRH is promoted by an inflammatory milieu.
West, KL; Sporn, T; Puri, PK
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