Structural insights into the glycosyltransferase activity of the Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae HMW1C-like protein.

Published

Journal Article

Glycosylation of proteins is a fundamental process that influences protein function. The Haemophilus influenzae HMW1 adhesin is an N-linked glycoprotein that mediates adherence to respiratory epithelium, an essential early step in the pathogenesis of H. influenzae disease. HMW1 is glycosylated by HMW1C, a novel glycosyltransferase in the GT41 family that creates N-glycosidic linkages with glucose and galactose at asparagine residues and di-glucose linkages at sites of glucose modification. Here we report the crystal structure of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae HMW1C (ApHMW1C), a functional homolog of HMW1C. The structure of ApHMW1C contains an N-terminal all α-domain (AAD) fold and a C-terminal GT-B fold with two Rossmann-like domains and lacks the tetratricopeptide repeat fold characteristic of the GT41 family. The GT-B fold harbors the binding site for UDP-hexose, and the interface of the AAD fold and the GT-B fold forms a unique groove with potential to accommodate the acceptor protein. Structure-based functional analyses demonstrated that the HMW1C protein shares the same structure as ApHMW1C and provided insights into the unique bi-functional activity of HMW1C and ApHMW1C, suggesting an explanation for the similarities and differences of the HMW1C-like proteins compared with other GT41 family members.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Kawai, F; Grass, S; Kim, Y; Choi, K-J; St Geme, JW; Yeo, H-J

Published Date

  • November 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 286 / 44

Start / End Page

  • 38546 - 38557

PubMed ID

  • 21908603

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21908603

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1083-351X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9258

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.m111.237602

Language

  • eng