Effect of AQP1 expression level on Co(2) permeability in bovine corneal endothelium.
PURPOSE: Corneal endothelial fluid transport is dependent on HCO(3)(-) and CO(2) fluxes. CO(2) permeability (P:CO(2)) measurements in an oocyte expression system and in reconstituted proteoliposomes have suggested that the water channel AQP1 can transport CO(2). An AQP1 knockout mouse model, however, showed no evidence for CO(2) transport through AQP1 in erythrocytes or lung. Because HCO(3)(-) and CO(2) fluxes are essential to endothelial function, the current study was conducted to determine whether AQP1 expression levels in confluent cultures of bovine corneal endothelial cells (BCECs) affects membrane PCO(2). METHODS: BCEC endogenous AQP1 expression was reduced by antisense oligonucleotide (AO) transfection or adenoviral antisense-AQP1 (AV) infection. AQP1 was overexpressed by adenoviral sense-AQP1 (SV) infection, which directs expression of recombinant AQP1. RESULTS: Expression of AQP1 and osmotic water permeability (control P(f) = 0.046 +/- 0.005 cm/sec) were reduced 45% and 36.5%, respectively, by AO transfection and reduced 67% and 49%, respectively, by AV infection. SV infection induced a more than threefold overexpression of AQP1 but showed only a 37% increase in P(f). Adenoviral empty virus (EV) infection did not change AQP1 expression or P(f). PCO(2) was determined by measuring the rate of intracellular pH decrease after exposure to CO(2)/HCO(3)(-)-rich solutions, as measured by the pH-sensitive fluorescent dye 2',7'-bis-(2-carboxyethyl)-5-(and-6)-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF). Apparent PCO(2) of BCEC (0.0036 +/- 0.00023 cm/sec) was not different among control, oligonucleotide-transfected, and adenoviral-infected cells. P(f) could also be reduced more than 50% by 3 to 5 minutes' exposure of control cells to 0.5 mM p-chloromercuriphenylsulfonic acid (pCMBS), but this had no effect on rates of intracellular pH decrease. CONCLUSIONS: AQP1 does not contribute to PCO(2) in corneal endothelial cells.
Sun, XC; Allen, KT; Xie, Q; Stamer, WD; Bonanno, JA
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