Self-discrepancies and vulnerability to body dissatisfaction and disordered eating.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Two studies explored the relevance of self-discrepancies for body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. In Study 1, actual:ideal self-discrepancies of female undergraduates correlated with body shape dissatisfaction independent of Ss' body mass and number of appearance-related self-beliefs; actual:ought discrepancy was discriminantly associated with anorexic-related attitudes and behaviors. In Study 2 (using a mixed-gender sample), bulimic-related behaviors were associated with a form of actual:ideal discrepancy (unfulfilled positive potential) whereas anorexic-related symptoms were associated with actual:ought discrepancy. Both genders showed the predicted relations between self-discrepancies and disordered eating, and the predicted associations remained even when appearance-related attributes were excluded from scoring of self-discrepancies.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Strauman, TJ; Vookles, J; Berenstein, V; Chaiken, S; Higgins, ET

Published Date

  • December 1991

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 61 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 946 - 956

PubMed ID

  • 1774632

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-1315

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3514

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037//0022-3514.61.6.946


  • eng