Cdc2 phosphorylation of nucleolin demarcates mitotic stages and Alzheimer's disease pathology.

Published

Journal Article

Nucleolin is a major multifunctional nuclear phosphoprotein that is phosphorylated by Cdc2 kinase in mitosis and that participates in a number of cellular processes. The monoclonal antibody TG-3 generated against neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) found in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is highly specific for mitotic cells in culture. We here demonstrate that phosphorylation of nucleolin by Cdc2 kinase generates the TG-3 epitope. The unique pool of TG-3 immunoreactive nucleolin appears abruptly during the prophase. It is associated with chromosomes through the metaphase and it gradually disappears during separation of chromosomes and exit from mitosis. In the brain, nucleolin was localized not only to nuclei but also to neuronal cytoplasm, and it is a marker for early NFT. In patients with AD, Cdc2 phosphorylated nucleolin was present in NFT. These findings suggest that phosphorylation of nucleolin by Cdc2 kinase is a critical event and the point of convergence of two distinct pathways, mitosis and neurodegeneration.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Dranovsky, A; Vincent, I; Gregori, L; Schwarzman, A; Colflesh, D; Enghild, J; Strittmatter, W; Davies, P; Goldgaber, D

Published Date

  • July 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 517 - 528

PubMed ID

  • 11445251

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11445251

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0197-4580

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States