Natural history of pediatric intestinal failure: initial report from the Pediatric Intestinal Failure Consortium.

Journal Article (Multicenter Study;Journal Article)

Objective

To characterize the natural history of intestinal failure (IF) among 14 pediatric centers during the intestinal transplantation era.

Study design

The Pediatric Intestinal Failure Consortium performed a retrospective analysis of clinical and outcome data for a multicenter cohort of infants with IF. Entry criteria included infants <12 months receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) for >60 continuous days. Enteral autonomy was defined as discontinuation of PN for >3 consecutive months. Values are presented as median (25th, 75th percentiles) or as number (%).

Results

272 infants with a gestational age of 34 weeks (30, 36) and birth weight of 2.1 kg (1.2, 2.7) were followed for 25.7 months (11.2, 40.9). Residual small bowel length in 144 patients was 41 cm (25.0, 65.5). Diagnoses were necrotizing enterocolitis (71, 26%), gastroschisis (44, 16%), atresia (27, 10%), volvulus (24, 9%), combinations of these diagnoses (46, 17%), aganglionosis (11, 4%), and other single or multiple diagnoses (48, 18%). Prescribed medications included oral antibiotics (207, 76%), H2 blockers (187, 69%), and proton pump inhibitors (156, 57%). Enteral feeding approaches varied among centers; 19% of the cohort received human milk. The cohort experienced 8.9 new catheter-related blood stream infections per 1000 catheter days. The cumulative incidences for enteral autonomy, death, and intestinal transplantation were 47%, 27%, and 26%, respectively. Enteral autonomy continued into the fifth year after study entry.

Conclusions

Children with IF endure significant mortality and morbidity. Enteral autonomy may require years to achieve. Improved medical, nutritional, and surgical management may reduce time on PN, mortality, and need for transplantation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Squires, RH; Duggan, C; Teitelbaum, DH; Wales, PW; Balint, J; Venick, R; Rhee, S; Sudan, D; Mercer, D; Martinez, JA; Carter, BA; Soden, J; Horslen, S; Rudolph, JA; Kocoshis, S; Superina, R; Lawlor, S; Haller, T; Kurs-Lasky, M; Belle, SH; Pediatric Intestinal Failure Consortium,

Published Date

  • October 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 161 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 723 - 8.e2

PubMed ID

  • 22578586

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3419777

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-6833

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3476

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.03.062

Language

  • eng