Combined modality therapy of advanced non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: an analysis of remission duration and survival in 95 patients.
Ninety-five patients with advanced non-Hodgkin's lymphoma were treated with four courses of cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine and prednisone, with or without procarbazine [CHOP(P)] chemotherapy; either 150 rad total body irradiation (for "extensive" disease) or 3,500 rad local radiation therapy (for "limited" disease); and a final four courses of CHOP(P) chemotherapy. Sixty-four patients had stage IV, 22 stage III, and 9 abdominal stage II disease. Histologic material was available in 80 patients for review according to the new Working Formulation: 16 had low grade, 38 intermediate grade (20 large cell, 18 diffuse small cleaved and mixed cell), and 26 high grade (12 lymphoblastic, 8 immunoblastic, 6 small noncleaved) malignancies. Complete remission was achieved in 78% of 92 evaluable patients. The remission duration curve for diffuse large cell lymphoma patients showed a plateau at 72% after 2 yr, but a pattern of continued relapse (median 3 yr) was seen in the other histologies. Multivariate analysis showed that "B" symptoms, bulky abdominal masses, and stage IV disease adversely affected survival. Overall survival by Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that 67% of diffuse small cleaved and mixed cell, 49% of large cell and immunoblastic, and 44% of lymphoblastic lymphoma patients survive 6 yr after diagnosis. When compared to reported remission duration and survival with CHOP chemotherapy alone, these data suggest a possible advantage for combined modality treatment.
Sullivan, KM; Neiman, PE; Kadin, ME; Dahlberg, S; Farewell, VT; Rudolph, RH; Bagley, CM; Appelbaum, FR; Thomas, ED
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