Apolipoprotein E level and cholesterol are associated with reduced synaptic amyloid beta in Alzheimer's disease and apoE TR mouse cortex.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The apolipoprotein E4 allele (APOE4) contributes to Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk and APOE2 is protective, but the relevant cellular mechanisms are unknown. We have used flow cytometry analysis to measure apolipoprotein E (apoE) and amyloid beta peptide (Aβ) levels in large populations of synaptic terminals from AD and aged cognitively normal controls, and demonstrate that modest but significant increases in soluble apoE levels accompany elevated Aβ in AD cortical synapses and in an APP/PS1 rat model of AD. Dual labeling experiments document co-localization of apoE and Aβ in individual synapses with concentration of Aβ in a small population of apoE-positive synapses in both AD and controls. Consistent with a clearance role, the apoE level was higher in Aβ-positive synapses in control cases. In aged targeted replacement mice expressing human apoE, apoE2/4 synaptic terminals demonstrated the highest level of apoE and the lowest level of Aβ compared to apoE3/3 and apoE4/4 lines. In apoE2/4 terminals, the pattern of immunolabeling for apoE and Aβ closely resembled the pattern in human control cases, and elevated apoE was accompanied by elevated free cholesterol in apoE2/4 synaptic terminals. These results are consistent with a role for APOE in Aβ clearance in AD synapses, and suggest that optimal lipidation of apoE2 compared to E3 and E4 makes an important contribution to Aβ clearance and synaptic function.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Arold, S; Sullivan, P; Bilousova, T; Teng, E; Miller, CA; Poon, WW; Vinters, HV; Cornwell, LB; Saing, T; Cole, GM; Gylys, KH

Published Date

  • January 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 123 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 39 - 52

PubMed ID

  • 22020632

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3404604

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1432-0533

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00401-011-0892-1


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Germany