En face view of the mitral valve: definition and acquisition.
A 3-dimensional echocardiographic view of the mitral valve, called the "en face" or "surgical view," presents a view of the mitral valve similar to that seen by the surgeon from a left atrial perspective. Although the anatomical landmarks of this view are well defined, no comprehensive echocardiographic definition has been presented. After reviewing the literature, we provide a definition of the left atrial and left ventricular en face views of the mitral valve. Techniques used to acquire this view are also discussed.
Mahmood, F; Warraich, HJ; Shahul, S; Qazi, A; Swaminathan, M; Mackensen, GB; Panzica, P; Maslow, A
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