Functional analysis of a homopolymeric (dA-dT) element that provides nucleosomal access to yeast and mammalian transcription factors.


Journal Article

Eukaryotic organisms ranging from yeast to humans maintain a large amount of genetic information in the highly compact folds of chromatin, which poses a large DNA accessibility barrier to rapid changes in gene expression. The ability of the yeast Candida glabrata to survive copper insult requires rapid transcriptional autoactivation of the AMT1 copper-metalloregulatory transcription factor gene. The kinetics of AMT1 autoactivation is greatly enhanced by homopolymeric (dA-dT) element (A16)-mediated nucleosomal accessibility for Amt1p to a metal response element in this promoter. Analysis of the nucleosomal positional requirements for the A16 element reveal an impaired ability of the A16 element to stimulate AMT1 autoregulation when positioned downstream of the metal response element within the nucleosome, implicating an inherent asymmetry to the nucleosome positioned within the AMT1 promoter. Importantly, we demonstrate that the A16 element functions to enhance nucleosomal access and hormone-stimulated transcriptional activation for the mammalian glucocorticoid receptor, in a rotational phase-dependent manner. These data provide compelling evidence that nucleosomal homopolymeric (dA-dT) elements provide enhanced DNA access to diverse classes of transcription factors and suggest that these elements may function in this manner to elicit rapid transcriptional responses in higher eukaryotic organisms.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Koch, KA; Thiele, DJ

Published Date

  • August 20, 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 274 / 34

Start / End Page

  • 23752 - 23760

PubMed ID

  • 10446135

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10446135

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9258

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.274.34.23752


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States