Detection of bursts in extracellular spike trains using hidden semi-Markov point process models.

Published

Journal Article

Neurons in vitro and in vivo have epochs of bursting or "up state" activity during which firing rates are dramatically elevated. Various methods of detecting bursts in extracellular spike trains have appeared in the literature, the most widely used apparently being Poisson Surprise (PS). A natural description of the phenomenon assumes (1) there are two hidden states, which we label "burst" and "non-burst," (2) the neuron evolves stochastically, switching at random between these two states, and (3) within each state the spike train follows a time-homogeneous point process. If in (2) the transitions from non-burst to burst and burst to non-burst states are memoryless, this becomes a hidden Markov model (HMM). For HMMs, the state transitions follow exponential distributions, and are highly irregular. Because observed bursting may in some cases be fairly regular-exhibiting inter-burst intervals with small variation-we relaxed this assumption. When more general probability distributions are used to describe the state transitions the two-state point process model becomes a hidden semi-Markov model (HSMM). We developed an efficient Bayesian computational scheme to fit HSMMs to spike train data. Numerical simulations indicate the method can perform well, sometimes yielding very different results than those based on PS.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Tokdar, S; Xi, P; Kelly, RC; Kass, RE

Published Date

  • August 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 29 / 1-2

Start / End Page

  • 203 - 212

PubMed ID

  • 19697116

Pubmed Central ID

  • 19697116

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-6873

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0929-5313

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10827-009-0182-2

Language

  • eng