Optimizing orientation of SPECT and cone beam CT detectors through quantification of cross contamination in a dual modality mammotomography system
A compact, dual modality SPECT/CT system for dedicated 3D breast imaging is in development. A major consideration in determining the relative placement of the SPECT and CT detectors is minimizing cross contamination. The transmission contamination of the emission image is investigated here using a 16×20cm2 quantized CZT SPECT camera located at various orientations relative to the 20×25cm2 CsI(Tl) CT detector, with a pendant, water-filled breast phantom placed in the common field-of-view. This arrangement is repeated with and without 99mTc emission radioactivity in the breast, with the breast laterally offset from the central ray of the x-ray cone-beam in a half-cone beam configuration. Planar transmission projections use a quasi-monochromatic (35keV mean energy, 20% FWHM) x-ray beam, with an exposure equivalent to 1/360, 1/180, 1/90 of the total exposure of dual view, screening mammography; these fractional exposures are used due to the requirement of multiple images necessary for CT data acquisition and ∼360 projection exposures are expected. Images and energy spectra acquired from the SPECT projections are used to quantify contamination from the x-ray beam. With the offset CT acquisition geometry, initial results show x-ray scatter contamination of the emission camera is limited to photons well below the 140keV photopeak. Pulse pile-up is not a concern, with the instantaneous x-ray scatter flux. Transmission contamination in the energy windowed emission image is negligible (<0.5%) for any SPECT camera position (polar orientation and azimuthal contamination) and various measured breast sizes (325 -1500mL). Optimal placement of the detectors is found to be more a function of physical constraints than x-ray transmission contamination. © 2005 IEEE.
Crotty, DJ; Bryzmialkiewicz, CN; McKinley, RL; Tornai, MP
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)