Laparoscopic fundoplication: 5-year follow-up.
There are few published reports on outcomes of 5 or more years following laparoscopic fundoplication. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) specific quality of life questionnaires (QOLRAD), short form health surveys (SF12), and queries regarding current medication use and long-term satisfaction were mailed to all patients who underwent laparoscopic fundoplication at our institution. Results are reported as mean +/- SEM. Seventy-six patients underwent laparoscopic fundoplication (63 Nissen, 13 Toupet) between November 1992 and December 1997. Fifty-two patients completed questionnaires (68%). Mean follow-up was 5.1 +/- 0.2 years (range, 4-9 years). Mean QOLRAD scores were 5.8 +/- 0.2, (scale 0-7, a higher score reflecting improved QOL), which is comparable to the general population (6.0 mean). SF-12 mental and physical scores were 46.6 +/- 1.7 and 34.2 +/- 1.6, respectively, versus 50.7 and 51.2 for the general population. Forty-seven patients (92%) would have the procedure again. Eleven (21%) remained on antisecretory medications (15% proton pump inhibitor and 6% H2 receptor antagonists). None of the 11 patients underwent 24-hour pH testing to document persistent acid exposure. Furthermore, postoperative symptoms of heartburn, dysphagia, and abdominal bloating were rated as none to mild in the majority of patients. Laparoscopic fundoplication is an effective long-term treatment for GERD, resulting in high patient satisfaction, improved quality of life, and elimination of antisecretory medicines in the majority of patients.
Dassinger, MS; Torquati, A; Houston, HL; Holzman, MD; Sharp, KW; Richards, WO
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