The endoscopic radiofrequency approach to management of GERD.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Endoscopic treatment has been recently introduced as a new option for treating gastroesophageal reflux disease. In this article the authors review the radiofrequency approach known as the Stretta procedure, as more evidence has linked reflux to upper airway disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Since 1968, when laryngeal disorders were linked to gastroesophageal reflux disease, more upper airway diseases such as chronic laryngitis, subglottic stenosis, and even laryngeal carcinoma were found to be occasionally caused by extraesophageal reflux. Most otolaryngologists treat these patients with proton pump inhibitors, which improve symptoms in two thirds of patients. Antireflux surgery remains the treatment of choice, relieving symptoms in more than 90% of patients. Endoscopic treatment has recently emerged as an option for treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease. The Stretta procedure delivers radiofrequency energy to the gastroesophageal junction. This has proved to be effective in controlling reflux by inhibiting transient, inappropriate lower esophageal sphincter relaxation, increasing postprandial lower esophageal spincter pressure, and decreasing lower esophageal sphincter compliance. Stretta is among the earliest endoscopic technologies to be approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of reflux. It has the longest term follow-up published to this date, and the most durable effect. It is performed under intravenous sedation on an outpatient basis and has a low incidence of complications. SUMMARY: The Stretta procedure is an endoscopic, noninvasive modality for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease. It should be considered in the treatment of reflux-related upper airway diseases.
Lutfi, RE; Torquati, A; Richards, WO
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