Acute pseudo-obstruction of the colon (Ogilvie's syndrome): advances in management.
The management of the patients with acute pseudo-obstruction of the colon (APOC) still represents a matter of debate. To better evaluate and compare the effectiveness of various therapeutic approaches in the management of APOC 29 patients were considered. These were included according to three consecutive periods in: group A (1977-1982) concerning patients who underwent medical treatment alone (n = 8) or endoscopic (n = 4) and surgical (n = 1) decompression; group B (1983-1990) in which the management was based on simple endoscopic decompression (n = 10); group C (1991-1995) including patients in whom placement, under fluoroscopic control, of a tube in the cecum following endoscopic decompression was provided (n = 6). Mean time required for resolution of colonic distension was 2.3 (+/- 0.50 SD) days in patients who underwent endoscopic decompression and tube placement, as compared to 4.5 (+/- 2.47 SD) days in the group of patients treated either with conservative measures or simple endoscopic decompression (p = 0.04). No recurrence occurred after colonoscopic decompression and tube placement while colonic distension recurred in 4 of 14 patients managed by simple endoscopic decompression (0% vs. 28.6%, n.s.). Our experience showed that endoscopic decompression is an effective method, moreover if associated with the placement of an indwelling tube into the right colon. This method, for its easiness and safeness, besides its effectiveness in preventing the recurrence of colonic distension, may be surely considered an advance in the management of acute pseudo-obstruction of the colon.
Farinon, AM; Stroppa, I; Torquati, A; D'Antini, P
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