Effect of cellular senescence on the albumin permeability of blood-derived endothelial cells.
In this study, we tested the hypotheses that endothelial cells (ECs) derived from human umbilical cord blood (hCB-ECs) exhibit low permeability, which increases as hCB-ECs age and undergo senescence, and that the change in the permeability of hCB-ECs is due to changes in tight junction protein localization and the activity of exchange protein activated by cAMP (Epac)1. Albumin permeability across low-passage hCB-EC monolayers on Transwell membranes was 10 times lower than for human aortic ECs (HAECs) (P < 0.01) but similar to in vivo values in arteries. Expression of the tight junction protein occludin and tyrosine phosphorylation of occludin were less in hCB-ECs than in HAECs (P < 0.05). More hCB-ECs than HAECs underwent mitosis (P < 0.01). hCB-ECs that underwent >44 population doublings since isolation had a significantly higher permeability than hCB-ECs that underwent <31 population doublings (P < 0.05). This age-related increase in hCB-EC permeability was associated with an increase in tyrosine phosphorylation of occludin (P < 0.01); permeability and occludin phosphorylation were reduced by treatment with 2 μM resveratrol. Tyrosine phosphorylation of occludin and cell age influence the permeability of hCB-ECs, whereas levels of EC proliferation and expression of tight junction proteins did not explain the differences between hCB-EC and HAEC permeability. The elevated permeability in late passage hCB-ECs was reduced by 25-40% by elevation of membrane-associated cAMP and activation of the Epac1 pathway. Given the similarity to in vivo permeability to albumin and the high proliferation potential, hCB-ECs may be a suitable in vitro model to study transport-related pathologies and cell aging.
Cheung, TM; Ganatra, MP; Peters, EB; Truskey, GA
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