Abnormalities of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in Dahl rats.
Plasma glucose, insulin, and triglyceride concentration, blood pressure, and insulin action on isolated adipocytes were determined in weight-matched Sprague-Dawley, Dahl salt-resistant, and Dahl salt-sensitive rats. Blood pressure and plasma glucose concentrations were not significantly different in the three groups. However, Dahl salt-sensitive rats had significantly higher plasma insulin (39 +/- 2 microunits/ml) and triglyceride (213 +/- 11 mg/dl) concentrations than did Sprague-Dawley rats (27 +/- 2 microunits/ml and 101 +/- 6 mg/dl, respectively). Values for insulin (34 +/- 4 microunits/ml) and triglyceride (159 +/- 11 mg/dl) were intermediate in Dahl salt-resistant rats. In contrast, maximal insulin-stimulated glucose transport was significantly lower in adipocytes isolated from Dahl salt-sensitive as compared with Sprague-Dawley rats (400 +/- 16 versus 523 +/- 14 fl/cell/sec), with Dahl salt-resistant rats again having intermediate values. However, the ability of insulin to maximally inhibit catecholamine-stimulated lipolysis was similar in all three groups, averaging approximately 20% of the activity present in the absence of insulin. All of these differences were seen when the rats were eating conventional chow and did not change in Dahl rats after 2 weeks of an 8% NaCl diet. On the other hand, the predicted rise in blood pressure took place in Dahl salt-sensitive rats, increasing from 147 +/- 4 to 181 +/- 6 mm Hg.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Reaven, GM; Twersky, J; Chang, H
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