Modeling forest landscapes: Parameter estimation from gap models over heterogeneous terrain
Parameter values of a forest landscape model (MOSAIC) are estimated from a terrain sensitive gap model (FACET) over a large number of terrain types. MOSAIC is a semi-Markov model with states defined by cover types. For each terrain type, gap-model output is fed to a program that counts transitions between each pair of states, and estimates the fixed lags and the parameters of the probability density functions of the distributed delays. The gap model and the parameter estimator are executed repetitively for many different steps in the gradients and many terrain types, taking advantage of a computer cluster running a distributed launching system. The method is illustrated by its application to the H.J. Andrews Forest in the Oregon Cascades. Key transitions in cover type determine the variation of the landscape-model parameters over all terrain types. The methodology presented here provides an automated, consistent and conceptually clear procedure for scaling up the tree level ecological detail represented by a gap model, to the level of a patch state-transition model for heterogeneous environmental conditions across the landscape.
Acevedo, MF; Pamarti, S; Ablan, M; Urban, DL; Mikler, A
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)