On the evolution of genetic incompatibility systems. III. Introduction of weak gametophytic self-incompatibility under partial inbreeding.
I explore the proposition that genetic incompatibility systems serve as a means for parents to evaluate and discriminate among their own offspring. Conditions for the initial increase of gametophytic self-incompatibility in a self-compatible population undergoing selfing, sibmating, and random outcrossing are reported. The adaptive value of reducing the concordance between offspring and maternal genotypes depends upon the relative changes in the numbers of offspring derived by the three modes, parent-offspring relatedness, and the magnitude of distortion of transmission ratios through pollen. Recessivity of stylar expression and low rates of receipt of pollen from related individuals facilitate the evolution of self-incompatibility. Viewed as a means of preferential maternal investment in offspring of high quality, self-incompatibility may be regarded as serving a function in common with diverse phenomena, including sexual selection, brood reduction, and other forms of prezygotic and postzygotic incompatibility. Associations between incompatibility loci and loci expressing inbreeding depression are expected to improve the reliability of the level of concordance at incompatibility loci as a measure of genomic homozygosity and offspring quality.
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