Evolution of altruism under group selection in large and small populations in fluctuating environments
A continuous, graded form of group selection which does not involve extinction of demes can effectively oppose selection on the individual level against an altruistic allele under fluctuating environments in infinitely large demes among which uniform mixing occurs every generation. Although group selection cannot alter the conditions necessary for the initial increase of altruistic alleles, group selection can significantly influence the stationary distribution of gene frequency which is attained once stochastic forces have allowed theirintroduction. Drift is a more effective source of variation than fluctuations in selection when the variance in selection is moderate to small. High numbers of demes promote polymorphism under both graded group selection and extinction group selection. © 1979.
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)