Role of nonenzymatically generated prostanoid, 8-iso-PGF2 alpha, in pulmonary oxygen toxicity.
Oxygen delivery at higher than ambient concentrations is in frequent clinical use, yet prolonged exposure can produce pulmonary edema in humans and animals. The specific mediators of oxygen toxicity are unknown, although evidence suggests that oxygen-based radicals such as superoxide anion contribute to this injury. Recently, 8-iso-prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha), an F2-isoprostane formed by free radical-initiated lipid peroxidation of arachidonic acid, has been implicated in pulmonary injury. Nitric oxide (NO) also contributes to tissue oxygen radical load, and although believed to be beneficial, its metabolites may play a pathophysiological role by participating in lipid peroxidation and isoprostane formation. We hypothesized that 8-iso-PGF2 alpha and NO levels increase in high oxygen concentrations and that 8-iso-PGF2 alpha is associated with lung injury and accumulation of plasma albumin in pulmonary extravascular space. Levels of 8-iso-PGF2 alpha in bronchial alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of rats exposed to 90% O2 at 1 atmosphere for 48 h (56 +/- 3 pg/ml) or 60 h (70 +/- 5 pg/ml) were significantly increased compared with levels in ambient air-exposed control rats (36 +/- 5 pg/ml). NO levels in BALF of rats exposed to 90% O2 at 1 atmosphere for 60 h were increased 50% compared with NO levels in BALF of rats exposed to ambient air or 48 h of 90% O2 (P < 0.05). Accumulation of radiolabeled plasma albumin in lung parenchyma of rats inhaling 8-iso-PGF2 alpha was also examined.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Vacchiano, CA; Tempel, GE
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