Spatial dynamics, social norms, and the opportunity of the commons


Journal Article

The most important message of Levin (Ecol Res 21:328-333, 2006) is that "Ecologists and economists have much incentive for interaction." Recent studies that account for evolutionary processes and local interactions support this view by obtaining results that run counter to conventional wisdom within resource economics. A second major message of the article is that to meet environmental challenges, humanity must develop social norms that enhance cooperative responses. Successful examples of resource management systems back up norms with economic incentives: rewards for good behavior and punishments for bad. Economic incentives are especially important if rapid and large changes in human behavior are desired. © 2006 The Ecological Society of Japan.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Vincent, JR

Published Date

  • January 1, 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 3 - 7

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1440-1703

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0912-3814

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11284-006-0070-4

Citation Source

  • Scopus