Reelin signals survival through Src-family kinases that inactivate BAD activity.

Published

Journal Article

Reelin plays an important role in the migration of embryonic neurons, but its continuing presence suggests additional functions in the brain. We now report a novel function where reelin protects P19 embryonal cells from apoptosis during retinoic acid-induced neuronal differentiation. This increased survival is associated with reelin activation of the phosphatidyl-inositol-3-kinase (PI3 K)/Akt pathway. When PI3 K was inhibited with LY294002, reelin failed to protect against this retinoic acid-induced apoptosis. The protective effect of reelin includes activating the Src-family kinases/PI3 K/Akt pathway which then led to selective phosphorylation of Bcl-2/Bcl-XL associated death promoter (BAD) at serine-136, while the phosphorylation-incompetent mutation of BAD (S136A) suppressed this protection. These and additional studies define a novel pathway where reelin binds apoE receptors, significantly activates the PI3 K/Akt pathway causing phosphorylation of BAD which helps to protect cells from apoptosing, thus serving an important role in promoting the survival of maturing neurons in the brain.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ohkubo, N; Vitek, MP; Morishima, A; Suzuki, Y; Miki, T; Maeda, N; Mitsuda, N

Published Date

  • October 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 103 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 820 - 830

PubMed ID

  • 17696989

Pubmed Central ID

  • 17696989

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3042

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2007.04804.x

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England