Reelin signals survival through Src-family kinases that inactivate BAD activity.
Reelin plays an important role in the migration of embryonic neurons, but its continuing presence suggests additional functions in the brain. We now report a novel function where reelin protects P19 embryonal cells from apoptosis during retinoic acid-induced neuronal differentiation. This increased survival is associated with reelin activation of the phosphatidyl-inositol-3-kinase (PI3 K)/Akt pathway. When PI3 K was inhibited with LY294002, reelin failed to protect against this retinoic acid-induced apoptosis. The protective effect of reelin includes activating the Src-family kinases/PI3 K/Akt pathway which then led to selective phosphorylation of Bcl-2/Bcl-XL associated death promoter (BAD) at serine-136, while the phosphorylation-incompetent mutation of BAD (S136A) suppressed this protection. These and additional studies define a novel pathway where reelin binds apoE receptors, significantly activates the PI3 K/Akt pathway causing phosphorylation of BAD which helps to protect cells from apoptosing, thus serving an important role in promoting the survival of maturing neurons in the brain.
Ohkubo, N; Vitek, MP; Morishima, A; Suzuki, Y; Miki, T; Maeda, N; Mitsuda, N
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