3D ultrasound tissue motion tracking using correlation search.
Several methods for ultrasound tissue motion tracking and blood velocity estimation have been proposed and clinically applied. While providing valuable information to the clinician that was not obtainable from B-mode anatomical imaging, these methods still suffer from various fundamental and practical limitations that compromise their performance in certain clinical situations. A significant limitation is the inability of most of these methods to estimate the complete 3D motion or velocity vectors. With the introduction of ultrasound volumetric imaging, the need for a method that is capable of obtaining the complete motion vector is even more pressing. In this paper, we investigate the implementation of a correlation search scheme to estimate the 3D motion vectors using successive volumetric ultrasound scans. We present tracking results for motion along different axes and discuss the advantages and limitations of performing the correlation search in 3D.
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