Changes in high-frequency QRS components are more sensitive than ST-segment deviation for detecting acute coronary artery occlusion.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVES:This study describes changes in high-frequency QRS components (HF-QRS) during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and compares the ability of these changes in HF-QRS and ST-segment deviation in the standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) to detect acute coronary artery occlusion. BACKGROUND:Previous studies have shown decreased HF-QRS in the frequency range of 150-250 Hz during acute myocardial ischemia. It would be important to know whether the high-frequency analysis could add information to that available from the ST segments in the standard ECG. METHODS:The study population consisted of 52 patients undergoing prolonged balloon occlusion during PTCA. Signal-averaged electrocardiograms (SAECG) were recorded prior to and during the balloon inflation. The HF-QRS were determined within a bandwidth of 150-250 Hz in the preinflation and inflation SAECGs. The ST-segment deviation during inflation was determined in the standard frequency range. RESULTS:The sensitivity for detecting acute coronary artery occlusion was 88% using the high-frequency method. In 71% of the patients there was ST elevation during inflation. If both ST elevation and depression were considered, the sensitivity was 79%. The sensitivity was significantly higher using the high-frequency method, p<0.002, compared with the assessment of ST elevation. CONCLUSIONS:Acute coronary artery occlusion is detected with higher sensitivity using high-frequency QRS analysis compared with conventional assessment of ST segments. This result suggests that analysis of HF-QRS could provide an adjunctive tool with high sensitivity for detecting acute myocardial ischemia.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Pettersson, J; Pahlm, O; Carro, E; Edenbrandt, L; Ringborn, M; Sörnmo, L; Warren, SG; Wagner, GS

Published Date

  • November 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 36 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1827 - 1834

PubMed ID

  • 11092652

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11092652

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-3597

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0735-1097

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0735-1097(00)00936-0

Language

  • eng