Prognostic use of a QRS scoring system after hospital discharge for initial acute myocardial infarction in the Framingham cohort.
Myocardial infarct size is an important risk factor for survival after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic value of myocardial infarct size, as estimated by the Selvester 54-criteria/32-point QRS scoring system, in the Framingham cohort. During the first 30 years of the Framingham Heart Study, a total of 384 participants developed an AMI requiring hospitalization; from this group, 243 patients met the following inclusion criteria: (1) no electrocardiographic changes due to a previous infarction, (2) survival greater than 3 days after discharge from the AMI hospitalization and (3) no electrocardiographic evidence of conduction disturbances or ventricular hypertrophy at the time of their final in-hospital electrocardiogram. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to test the association of the QRS score, and other associated risk factors, with time until coronary heart disease-related death. QRS score was found to be significantly associated with outcome (p = 0.03), as was the systolic blood pressure before infarction (p greater than 0.001). Both univariate and multivariate analysis showed that a history of systolic hypertension was the variable most strongly associated with coronary heart disease-related death. Thus, identification of AMI survivors at high risk for subsequent mortality can be improved by routine blood pressure measurement before AMI, and QRS scoring of the electrocardiogram taken at hospital discharge.
Jones, MG; Anderson, KM; Wilson, PW; Kannel, WB; Wagner, NB; Wagner, GS
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