Unc-51-like kinase 1/2-mediated endocytic processes regulate filopodia extension and branching of sensory axons.

Published

Journal Article

The molecular mechanism and significance of endocytic processes involved in directional axon elongation are not well understood. The Unc-51 family of serine/threonine kinases was shown to be important for axon growth and was also linked to endocytosis, providing an entry point to study this problem. We found that mouse Unc-51-like kinase 1/2 (Ulk1/2) proteins are localized to vesicular structures in growth cones of mouse spinal sensory neurons. RNAi-mediated knockdown of Ulk1 and/or Ulk2 resulted in impaired endocytosis of nerve growth factor (NGF), excessive axon arborization, and severely stunted axon elongation. The evidence also indicates that Ulk1/2 mediates a non-clathrin-coated endocytosis in sensory growth cones. Interestingly, NGF can induce the interaction of Ulk1 with TrkA receptor complexes through promoting K63-polyubiquitination of Ulk1 and binding of Ulk1 to the scaffolding protein p62. These results and additional studies suggest that Ulk1/2 proteins regulate filopodia extension and neurite branching during sensory axon outgrowth, probably through regulating TrkA receptor trafficking and signaling.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Zhou, X; Babu, JR; da Silva, S; Shu, Q; Graef, IA; Oliver, T; Tomoda, T; Tani, T; Wooten, MW; Wang, F

Published Date

  • April 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 104 / 14

Start / End Page

  • 5842 - 5847

PubMed ID

  • 17389358

Pubmed Central ID

  • 17389358

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1091-6490

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0027-8424

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1073/pnas.0701402104

Language

  • eng