Expression of transforming growth factor beta type II receptor leads to reduced malignancy in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells.
The role of transforming growth factor (TGF) beta type II receptor in reversing the malignant phenotype of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells was examined. MCF-7 cells were insensitive to TGF beta 1 and expressed undetectable levels of cell surface TGF beta type I receptor (RI) and type II receptor (RII) by cross-linking with 125I-TGF beta 1. Stable transfection of a RII expression vector yielded 3 transfectants with varying levels of exogenous RII mRNA and protein levels. Expression of RII also increased TGF beta 1 binding to RI in all 3 clones. Proliferation of RII-positive clones was inhibited by exogenous TGF beta 1 in a dose-dependent manner, whereas the control clones remained TGF beta-insensitive. The RII transfectants were growth arrested in monolayer culture at saturation densities which were 41-66% of that of the Neo controls. They also showed reduced clonogenicity in soft-agarose. Tumorigenicity in ovariectomized, estrogen-supplemented nude mice was delayed in transfectants with low RII levels. Transfectants expressing high levels of RII showed a large reduction in tumorigenicity as well as a longer delay in tumor formation. Tumor growth was associated with loss of exogenous RII expression in transfectants. The results indicate that when systems for TGF beta signal transduction are intact, reconstitution of the TGF beta receptor system can lead to reversion of malignancy in cells lacking RII.
Sun, L; Wu, G; Willson, JK; Zborowska, E; Yang, J; Rajkarunanayake, I; Wang, J; Gentry, LE; Wang, XF; Brattain, MG
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