Measurement of tumor vascular volume and mean microvascular random flow velocity magnitude by dynamic Gd-DTPA-albumin enhanced and diffusion-weighted MRI.
Tumor vascular volume fraction and the magnitude of the mean microvascular random flow velocity were measured in an animal tumor model by combining dynamic Gd-DTPA-albumin enhanced MRI and diffusion-weighted MRI in conjunction with a compartmental modeling analysis. The vascular volume fraction maps were obtained from the dynamic Gd-DTPA-albumin enhanced MRI measurement. It was found that the vascular volume fraction for Walker 256 tumor was higher within the outgrowing rim and decreased towards the central region. The average value obtained from five animals was 0.062 +/- 0.009 ml/g. By using the vascular volume fraction from the Gd-DTPA-albumin enhanced MRI measurement, maps of the magnitude of the mean microvascular random flow velocity were obtained from the diffusion-weighted MRI measurements with the compartmental modeling analysis. The relative extravascular and intravascular contributions to the diffusion-weighted MRI signal were determined for three tissue groups with different Gd-DTPA-albumin enhancement characteristics, and the flow and molecular diffusion-induced attenuation factors for the intravascular compartment were also compared. The mean microvascular random flow velocity magnitude maps were obtained with an average value of 0.67 +/- 0.06 mm/s.
Wang, Z; Su, MY; Nalcioglu, O
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