Experiences with bladder reconstruction in children
The results in 56 children (28 with neurogenic bladder dysfunction) undergoing enterocystoplasty between 1981 and 1985 are presented. Ileal, ileocecal, right colon and sigmoid segments were used in tubular and opened configurations. Our experience leads us to recommend opened ileal segment reconstruction in neurogenic bladder patients and those with weak anal sphincters generally, and open ileocecal or open right colon segments in patients with other etiologies. Continence was achieved in 53 patients, although secondary procedures, particularly at the bladder outlet, were required in 13. When ureteral reimplantation was required we achieved excellent success with normal-sized or mildly dilated ureters regardless of the operative technique used. Initial failures to prevent reflux in the face of marked ureterectasis using the ileocecal valve have been resolved by a modified technique of intussusception and fixation. An over-all favorable experience is reported, which we believe permits us to formulate certain rules that will improve the acceptability and success of bladder reconstruction in general.
King, LR; Webster, GD; Bertram, RA
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