Human monoclonal antibody that recognizes the V3 region of human immunodeficiency virus gp120 and neutralizes the human T-lymphotropic virus type IIIMN strain.

Published

Journal Article

We describe a human IgG1 monoclonal antibody (N701.9b) derived by Epstein-Barr virus transformation of B cells from a human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive asymptomatic donor. This antibody was shown to recognize the principal neutralizing domain contained within the V3 region of gp120 of the MN strain of human immunodeficiency virus and MN-like strains, as determined by binding to the PB-1 fragment of MN gp120 and to synthetic peptides corresponding to the V3 region of MN and related virus strains. The epitope identified by monoclonal antibody N701.9b was mapped to a segment of V3 containing at least 7 amino acids (amino acids 316-322), which is located in the "tip" and "right" side of the V3 loop of the MN strain. Furthermore, this antibody manifested potent type-specific fusion-inhibitory activity against the MN strain but not against the IIIB or RF virus strains. This antibody also neutralized four virus isolates that had MN-like V3 region sequences and failed to neutralize three other strains containing unrelated V3 region sequences. Our findings confirm that the V3 region stimulates type-specific neutralizing antibody during natural human immunodeficiency virus infection in humans. The potential clinical use of this antibody is discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Scott, CF; Silver, S; Profy, AT; Putney, SD; Langlois, A; Weinhold, K; Robinson, JE

Published Date

  • November 1990

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 87 / 21

Start / End Page

  • 8597 - 8601

PubMed ID

  • 1700435

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1700435

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0027-8424

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1073/pnas.87.21.8597

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States