Classroom environment influences on aggression, peer relations, and academic focus


Journal Article

Peers serve as reinforcers and models of behavior, and consequently classrooms containing high numbers of students with poor academic skills or behavior problems are likely to promote these behaviors in individual students. This study examined how variations in social and academic classroom composition as well as the larger school context affected behavior in a normative sample of children over a 2-year period. Teachers provided ratings of individual students, which were then aggregated to form teacher-based measures of classroom environment. Concurrent and longitudinal effects of classroom and school environments on individual behaviors were examined for students in 65 classrooms in 17 schools. Poorer classroom environments were associated with poorer levels of student aggression, peer relations, and academic focus. Changes in student behavior over time could be explained by the current classroom environment. © 2004 Society for the Study of School Psychology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Barth, JM; Dunlap, ST; Dane, H; Lochman, JE; Wells, KC

Published Date

  • March 1, 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 42 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 115 - 133

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-4405

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jsp.2003.11.004

Citation Source

  • Scopus