Estimates of upper bounds and trends in nano-TiO2 production as a basis for exposure assessment.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

An upper bound is estimated for the magnitude of potential exposure to nano-TiO2 with the purpose of enabling exposure assessment and, ultimately, risk assessment Knowledge of the existing bulk TiO2 market is combined with available nano-TiO2 production data to estimate current nano-TiO2 sources as a baseline. The evolution of nano-TiO2 production as a percentage of the total TiO2 market is then projected based on material and market information along with a method that combines observations from scientific articles and patents as predictive indicators of the rate of innovative transformation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Robichaud, CO; Uyar, AE; Darby, MR; Zucker, LG; Wiesner, MR

Published Date

  • June 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 43 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 4227 - 4233

PubMed ID

  • 19603627

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-5851

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0013-936X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/es8032549


  • eng