Partial suppression of anchorage-independent growth and tumorigenicity in immunodeficient mice by transfection of the H-2 class I gene H-2Ld into a human colon cancer cell line (HCT).
Many human tumors, particularly those of epithelial origin, appear to express greatly reduced levels of major histocompatibility complex class I antigens on their surface. It has been previously reported that the class I gene H-2Ld, introduced into adenovirus type 12-transformed mouse cells, induces reversal of oncogenesis in immunocompetent BALB/c mice. We have tested the hypothesis that the H-2Ld gene, when transfected into HCT colon cancer cells, may alter their transformed phenotype. Two H-2Ld transfectants, HCT-Ii and HCT-If, were found to exhibit a markedly reduced-to-virtually suppressed ability to form colonies in soft agar in comparison to a transfectant (HCTh) carrying only the neomycin-resistance gene. We also compared the tumorigenicity of HCTh vs. HCT-If cells in two different strains of immunodeficient mice: nude (T-) and triple-deficient mutants (T-, NK-, B-). At 28 days postinjection of 10(7) and 10(6) cells, the size and growth rate of HCT-If tumors were greatly reduced compared to HCTh cells. Therefore, as assayed in immunodeficient animals, expression of the class I H-2Ld gene in HCT cells appears to correlate with partial suppression of the tumorigenic phenotype, suggesting that the expression of a transfected class I gene may by itself alter the phenotype of the recipient cell and that such phenotypic changes may be independent of the immune system.
Gattoni-Celli, S; Willett, CG; Rhoads, DB; Simon, B; Strauss, RM; Kirsch, K; Isselbacher, KJ
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