Psychosocial considerations in the European guidelines for prevention of cardiovascular diseases in clinical practice: Third Joint Task Force.
The International Society of Behavioral Medicine (ISBM) was one of eight societies that comprised the Third Task Force of European and Other Societies on Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Clinical Practice (2003-2004). This task force considered published knowledge from diverse fields related to preventive cardiology including behavioral medicine to improve risk estimation and risk factor management. The scientific evidence supporting the guidelines included findings on low socioeconomic status, social isolation, psychosocial stress, hostility, depression and negative affect, the clustering of psychosocial and lifestyle risk factors, and lifestyle psychosocial interventions. Recommendations for promoting behavior change and management of psychosocial and lifestyle factors in clinical practice include strategies for promoting healthy lifestyle, improving health care provider-patient interactions, implementing multimodal interventions, and managing psychosocial risk factors.
Orth-Gomér, K; Albus, C; Bagés, N; DeBacker, G; Deter, H-C; Herrmann-Lingen, C; Oldenburg, B; Sans, S; Williams, RB; Schneiderman, N
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