Refining the type A hypothesis: emergence of the hostility complex.


Journal Article (Review)

Recent negative research findings have raised questions regarding the robustness of the Type A hypothesis. A growing body of evidence suggests that not all aspects of the global Type A behavior pattern are pathogenic, but only those concerned with hostility and anger. Biologic mechanisms responsible for increased risk of coronary disease in persons with high levels of hostility and anger appear to involve increased cardiovascular and neuroendocrine responses to behavioral challenge, and, possibly, inadequate parasympathetic antagonism of sympathetic nervous system effects. Future research should concentrate on further refining our understanding of the hostility complex and its pathophysiologic mechanisms.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Williams, RB

Published Date

  • December 28, 1987

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 60 / 18

Start / End Page

  • 27J - 32J

PubMed ID

  • 3321966

Pubmed Central ID

  • 3321966

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9149

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0002-9149(87)90680-1


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States