Penicillin effects on iontophoretic responses in Aplysia californica.

Published

Journal Article

The effect of penicillin on neurons of Aplysia californica was studied using drug concentrations which would be convulsant in mammalian nervous systems. Iontophoretic responses were elicited by the application of acetylcholine, dopamine, gamma-aminobutyric acid and serotonin. Low concentrations of penicillin (2 mM) consistently and reversibly reduced the chloride-dependent hyperpolarizing responses by approximately 70%, regardless of the transmitter required to evoke them. The short depolarizing responses which are sodium sensitive are slightly reduced by a much higher (10 mM) concentration. The extent of the reduction of the excitatory response varied with the transmitter. The slow sodium-dependent depolarizations and the slow potassium-dependent hyperpolarizations were unaffected by the concentrations of penicillin used. The possibility that the convulsant effect of penicillin is due to interference with membrane conductance to chloride is discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pellmar, TC; Wilson, WA

Published Date

  • November 1977

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 136 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 89 - 101

PubMed ID

  • 589449

Pubmed Central ID

  • 589449

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-6240

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-8993

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0006-8993(77)90134-2

Language

  • eng