A retrospective study of the concept of spirituality as understood by recovering individuals.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

In 62 individuals recovering from substance abuse, materialism and spiritualism and cognitive patterns were quantified, before (retrospectively) and after recovery with the Mathew Materialism Spiritualism Scale (MMSS) and a Cognitive Patterns Questionnaire (CPQ). MMSS was also administered once to 61 general controls. Recovering individuals showed highly significant prerecovery to postrecovery increases in spirituality on most subscales of MMSS and changes in cognitive patterns. Sixteen controls who met the criteria for alcoholism on the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST-positive) were separated from the others. Prerecovery MMSS scores did not differentiate the recovering individuals from MAST-positive controls. However, the prerecovery MMSS scores obtained by recovering individuals were significantly lower than the scores obtained by the MAST-negative controls. On the other hand, after recovery, recovering individuals showed higher MMSS spirituality scores in comparison to MAST-positive controls. The only MMSS item that differentiated recovering individuals after recovery from MAST-negative controls was mysticism with the recovering group obtaining higher scores.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mathew, RJ; Georgi, J; Wilson, WH; Mathew, VG

Published Date

  • January 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 67 - 73

PubMed ID

  • 8699545

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0740-5472

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0740-5472(95)02022-5


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States