Integrative health coaching: an organizational case study.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe integrative health (IH) coaching as developed in three different interventions offered through a major medical center, as a step toward further defining the field of health coaching. STUDY DESIGN: An organizational case study was conducted with document analysis and interviews. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Interviewees were the first six IH coaches at Duke Integrative Medicine who provided 360 clients with individual and/or group coaching (two to 28 sessions) in a randomized clinical study and two work-site wellness programs. ANALYSIS: Qualitative analysis using the constant comparative method was conducted. RESULTS: Integrative health coaching is characterized by a process of self-discovery that informs goal setting and builds internal motivation by linking clients' goals to their values and sense of purpose. Time, commitment, and motivation are necessary in the IH coaching process. CONCLUSIONS: The underpinnings of IH coaching are distinct from the medical model, and the process is distinct from health education, executive coaching, and psychotherapy. Integrative health coaching fits well with the assumptions of integrative medicine and has a role in supporting behavior change.
Wolever, RQ; Caldwell, KL; Wakefield, JP; Little, KJ; Gresko, J; Shaw, A; Duda, LV; Kosey, JM; Gaudet, T
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